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We call the vessels that feed the heart itself coronary vessels. The most common cause of death in people of middle age and above is heart failure or heart failure after the narrowing or blockage of coronary vessels. This common condition called coronary heart disease constitutes an important health problem in the society. The Most Common Factor Hypertension It is very important to recognize some of the pathologies that cause coronary heart disease and which are called risk factors.

The most common of these risk factors is Hypertension. According to the researches, it is known that approximately 20% of the middle age and older population has high blood pressure, and that there is a need for treatment. Large-scale community studies show that in men and women, the increase in blood pressure increases in parallel with the development of coronary heart disease and stroke. In developed countries, especially systolic blood pressure increases as the age progresses in adults. Such increase is not seen in primitive communities. On the other hand, high blood pressure develops with advancing age as a result of excessive salt intake and body weight increase in western societies. Smoking is the major cause of vascular disease with hypertension Smoking The two most important risk factors that increase the risk of vascular disease with hypertension are the increase in smoking and blood cholesterol. Many academic studies have shown that these two risk factors provide a significant additional effect on hypertension. As a result of the research, the increase in blood cholesterol results in vascular stiffness by accumulating in the vascular walls with its nutritional style and still sedentary lifestyle. Diabetes and glucose tolerance test disorder - disruption in diabetes mellitus, which is called diabetes, is an important risk factor in the development of coronary heart disease and stroke. Most diabetic patients die due to early vascular diseases. All of these risk factors mentioned above are interchangeable major risk factors. In addition to close follow-up and treatment, these risks can be kept under control with changes that need to be made in lifestyle. Therefore, we can have a healthier quality and a longer life.

Heart attack How does a heart attack occur? In order for the heart to pump blood without stopping, the heart muscle cells need to get enough oxygen and feed. Two major coronary vessels deliver clean blood to the heart muscles. When one of these vessels or the lateral arms of the vessels are blocked, the heart muscle cells cannot receive enough oxygen. If this situation lasts longer, the cells begin to die and a heart attack (infarction) occurs. What symptoms occur during a heart attack? A heart attack usually takes a few hours. During the crisis; Nothing can be felt other than shortness of breath, fainting or nausea. In some cases, there are no symptoms. But most heart attacks cause chest pain. The pain felt in the chest in a serious crisis is like a fist that covers the heart and squeezes strongly without stopping. The pain felt in a heart attack and angina pain are very similar. But angina pain lasts no longer than 5 minutes while heart attack pain continues for a long time. One-third of heart attack cases die before reaching the hospital. Therefore, every minute is of great importance. What are the signs and symptoms of a heart attack? Painful, squeezing, burning, burning pain that starts and lasts in the middle of the chest. Pain; It can spread to areas far from the heart, such as the nape, chin, shoulder or arm. Shortness of breath, lightheadedness, nausea, tremor, sweating, weakening in the pulse Cooling in the skin, bruising Fainting What are the causes of a heart attack? The vast majority of heart attacks are due to coronary artery disease caused by vascular occlusion. Although the events that cause heart attacks have not been determined step by step, the risk factors that prepare the infrastructure of the heart attack are well known. These risk factors include the following. Hypertension (high blood pressure) High serum cholesterol levels Obesity Smoking Non-motion lifestyle Stress, extreme emotional fluctuations In addition, men over 50 years old with a family history of heart disease can also be counted in the high-risk group. Heart Attack SPECIAL EXAMINATIONS ECG withdrawal Examination of the heart and coronary arteries by imaging methods such as angiography and / or radioisotope scanning How to treat an heart attack? A patient who has had a heart attack should be hospitalized very urgently. Patients, if any, are treated in hospital coronary intensive care units and kept under observation for at least 36 hours. Strong if needed, like morphine